Avocado may be the fruit of typically the evergreen tree Perseus americana (Persea americana) from the laurel loved ones (Lavraceae) from tropical America. And avocados are alligator pear, alligator of the particular pear.
Avocados include at least 11 vitamins and 16 minerals and avocado calories half is actually high. It contains plenty of vitamin E – the most important antioxidant. The oily pulp of an avocado does not contain heavy fats (all its fats are usually monounsaturated, like in olive oil) and cholesterol. The pulp of a fresh fruit consists of 30% vegetable body fat, which nourish plus repair tissue cells. Avocado will help to forget concerning dry skin plus return shine in order to dull hair. This is useful to consume 1 avocado 2 times a week, in winter – three periods per week (if presently there are no problems with excess weight).
Types and types
There are three types of avocado: Mexican, Guatemalan, and West Indian.
The Philippine avocado has thin-skinned fruits, and the leaves from the shrub, when rubbed, scent like anise. That is a cold-hardy culture that really does well in the subtropics. The Guatemalan avocado has large fruits with thick epidermis; these trees usually are more capricious and less cold-resistant. Probably the most delicate variety of avocado is the West Indian, cultivated mainly within the tropics.
All modern avocado varieties date back to these three types. For example, the Mexicola and Puebla varieties cultivated by European gardeners are Mexican, and the Notorio variety is a new hybrid of Mexican and Guatemalan avocados.
In general, you can find about 400 types of avocados in the world, they vary in shape (round, pear-shaped or oblong), size (from small , the size regarding a plum, in order to large, weighing upwards to a kilogram) and taste associated with the fruit. The color of typically the peel can also be different, from light green to be able to black and dark purple. In most cases, avocados both remain green since they ripen, or vary from green to dark, sometimes even black when ripe.
Typically the most common types that are usually on the shelves of our stores are:
? gwen (Gwen), with medium or huge fruits of any round or slightly rectangular shape, dark green rough skin and yellow-green flesh, with a light egg flavor;
? zutano (Zutano), an pointed pear-shaped avocado along with a smooth, quickly peeled green epidermis, the taste regarding white or yellowish flesh is a new bit like an apple;
? reed (Reed), with round or even oblong fruits, thick pimply dark environmentally friendly skin and lightweight yellowish flesh, taste – with a touch of pear and nut;
? fuerte (Fuerte), a pear-shaped fruit with a smooth shiny green pores and skin and a delicate sweetish creamy taste;
? Pinkerton (Pinkerton), fruit pointed pear-shaped with a new green flaky epidermis, darkening as maturation, and yellowish pulp with gentle nice taste;
? Hass (Hass), is the the majority of common, the only commercially available all year round, oval fruit with a thick, in typically the mature form of a black-skinned plus white or yellow-colored oily pulp plus nutty flavor;
? bread (Bacon), with oblong juicy fruits, covered with a easy thin dark green skin, the preference is weak;
? Avocado half calories (Mexicola), cold-resistant, rather drought-resistant variety, which gives the maximum yield in the particular Caucasus. Fruits considering up to 100 g, dark crimson, almost black whenever ripe, ripen at the end of August-September;
? puebla (Puebla), also a cold-resistant plant, ripens within the Gagra location in November-December, has semi-ovate fruits along with dark brown pores and skin, weighing up to 200 g;
? Ettinger (Ettinger) has the shape of a new pear with an easy-to-release large bone tissue and soft pulp that melts within the mouth. In Israel, from wherever avocados of this particular variety are exported to Russia, ettinger will be the first variety of the growing season: this ripens with the start of autumn (haas, fuerte, pinkerton plus reed in His home country of israel ripen later).